Sexually transmitted Infections
Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) as the name suggests are infections that are spread as a result of unprotected intercourse. The infections can be either be due to viruses like HIV, HPV and herpes viruses or because of bacteria like chlamydia and gonorrhoea. Occasionally parasites like trichomonas can also be responsible for STIs. Certain behaviours can put people at risk of STIs like having multiple sexual partners, having unprotected intercourse with new partners and intercourse with partners who are known to have STIs.
Symptoms of STI in women include abnormal vaginal discharge from the usual baseline discharge, pain and itch around the genitalia, rashes around the vagina, urinary symptoms like pain on urination and discomfort during intercourse.
It is paramount that STIs are diagnosed and treated early as untreated infections often lead to complications ranging from infertility to even cancer (HPV causing cervical cancer). Diagnosis would involve seeking a doctor consult if there are any new suspicious symptoms and signs together with blood tests and swab tests. Treatment with antibiotics, anti-parasite or antiviral medications would largely depend on the results of investigations. Do consult our doctors if you have any queries regarding STIs.